Well, the Dieselpunk fiction is quite modern and freshly labeled. But we can find some references in the period art, movies etc., which fit very well, like Jules Verne's works can fit well Steampunk fiction.

Here we have a list:

Metropolis, 1927 movie
The Shape Of Things To Come, 1933 - H.G. Wells novel and movie
Noir movies
1984 - G. Orwell novel
Frankenstein, 1930s - James Whale movies
Cthulhu Mithos - H.P. Lovecraft novel
Mike Hammer- Mickey Spillane Novel Series